Stablecoin Reserves May Be Held in National Banks, US Treasury Office Provides Insight

Shine Li  Sep 22, 2020 10:40  UTC 02:40

2 Min Read

The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) announced that national banks and US Federal Savings Banks could hold reserves for customers with stablecoin assets and stablecoin issuers.

National banks to hold stablecoin reserves

The announcement was made through a letter clarifying the regulatory procedures that banks were allowed to engage in with stablecoins, which are essentially cryptocurrencies backed by an asset, often times a fiat currency such as the US dollar. Examples of dollar-backed stablecoins are Tether, Gemini dollar, and USD coin.

The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, which operates as part of the US Department of Treasury, addressed questions regarding stablecoin bank activities. Acting Comptroller of the Currency Brian P. Brooks said:

“National banks and federal savings associations currently engage in stablecoin-related activities involving billions of dollars each day. This opinion provides greater regulatory certainty for banks within the federal banking system to provide those client services in a safe and sound manner.”

Regulatory crypto clarity provided by the OCC

The letter also emphasized that the stablecoin-related activities had to be compliant with anti-money laundering law and certain financial laws such as the Bank Secrecy Act. It stated that as long as the stablecoin in question was associated and held in a hosted wallet, the bank had authority over it.

The official statement read:

“Accordingly, national banks may receive deposits from stablecoin issuers, including deposits that constitute reserves for a stablecoin associated with hosted wallets.”

The reserve accounts will be verified by the banking entity on a daily basis, to ensure “that the reserve account balances are always equal to or greater than the number of the issuer’s outstanding stablecoins.”

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