Canada Tightens Crypto Asset Regulations for Public Investment Funds

Jessie A Ellis  Jan 19, 2024 14:39  UTC 06:39

2 Min Read

The Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) have proposed changes to guidelines that will impact how public investment funds in Canada handle crypto assets. This move, which aligns with global trends towards more stringent cryptocurrency regulations, reflects the CSA's increasing attention to the unique risks and characteristics of crypto assets.

The CSA, a council of the securities regulators of Canada's provinces and territories, aims to harmonize and improve coordination of the Canadian financial markets. On January 18, 2024, they released a draft outlining proposed changes in the regulatory treatment of crypto assets by public investment funds. This proposal is part of a broader project announced in July to develop a comprehensive regulatory framework for crypto assets in Canada.

Proposed Changes

The primary focus of the amendments is to limit direct crypto asset dealings to certain types of funds and establish rigorous custodianship standards. The key points are:

Restriction on Fund Types: Only alternative and non-redeemable investment funds will be allowed to buy, sell, or hold crypto assets directly. Other mutual funds seeking crypto exposure would have to invest in these funds.

Exchange Listing Requirement: The invested crypto assets must be listed on a recognized exchange by Canadian securities regulatory authorities and must be fungible.

Custodianship and Security: The assets must be insured and held in cold wallets. Additionally, an annual review of the custodian's internal management by a public accountant is mandated.

Public Feedback and Development: The CSA has opened these proposals for a 90-day public comment period, after which a consultation paper will be developed. This paper will consider a broader framework for crypto asset regulation.

Implications for the Investment Landscape

This move by the CSA could have significant implications for the Canadian investment landscape:

Risk Mitigation: These changes aim to mitigate risks associated with crypto assets, such as volatility and security concerns.

Market Stability: By restricting direct dealings to certain fund types, the CSA seeks to ensure market stability and protect investors.

Product Development: The regulatory clarity provided may encourage the development of new crypto-related investment products within a safer framework.

Global Trend: This regulatory shift in Canada is part of a global trend towards more comprehensive regulation of cryptocurrencies, aligning Canadian policies with international standards.


The CSA's proposed amendments mark a pivotal moment in the regulation of crypto assets in Canada. By focusing on custodianship standards and restricting direct crypto dealings to specific fund types, these changes aim to balance the innovative potential of cryptocurrencies with the need for investor protection and market stability.

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